Treatment of gingivitis




Gingivitis
Gingivitis is a common gum disease that appears in the form of redness and swelling of the gums, and is accompanied by bleeding easily when brushing teeth or cleaning them with dental floss, and gingivitis must be separated from the inflammation of the periodons. Periodontitis), gingivitis affects the gums surrounding the teeth, while periodontitis also affects the bone surrounding the teeth, and if the treatment of gingivitis is neglected, inflammation develops to affect the periodons, according to the American Dental Association, gingivitis and periodfortitis. Age is the most important cause of tooth loss in adults, although gingivitis can develop into inflammation of the periods of the teeth, this is not necessary. 

Treatment of gingivitis
Treatment of gingivitis is based on the principle of removing all factors that lead to inflammation,treatment can be classified into three main categories as follows:

Brushing teeth
Dental cleaning is necessary to remove the plaque and lime layer that causes gum irritability, and is done at the Dental Care Clinic, and dental cleaning is performed using either hand tools, ultrasound or laser, and cleaning includes the following processes:

Scaling deposits above and below the gums.
Root planing: Contaminated protrusions are removed on the root surface, then softened.
Laser: Laser is less painful for the patient and does not cause frequent bleeding.

Drug use
There are a range of medications used to treat gingivitis, including:

Oral lotions containing chlorhexidine, which have therapeutic properties and have an effect on oral sterilization.
Sterile chips contain chlorhexidine, which is released from the chip to the gums over time after being placed inside the gum sinus after scraping the root.
Antibiotics, used to treat inflamed areas for a long time, are from these doxycycline antibiotics.

Surgical treatment
Gingivitis is sometimes treated with some surgical procedures, including:

Flap surgery: In this type of surgery, the gums are surgically lifted so that the underneath of lime can be removed, and the bone edges are settled if they are irregularin, and this helps to eliminate places where bacteria are given a chance to hide, and then The gums are returned to surround the tooth and eliminate the gap between the gums and the tooth, and this process is also called the process of reduction of the gum sinus.
Bone grafts and Soft tissue grafts: Separate pieces of bone are placed from the same person, or from a donor, or artificial bone grafts may compensate bones in areas where gum inflammation is destroyed, as well as Gum grafts are placed in areas where the gums are receding or where the gum thickness is small, and gum grafts are usually taken from the gums that cover the roof of the throat.

Causes of gingivitis
The main cause of gingivitis is the aggregation or formation of the plaque layer,

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