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    Growth in children

    Each child grows and develops differently from other children, but within normal parameters and limits, height and weight increase, and rapid physical changes occur such as: hair growth and teeth until the child reaches adulthood, and the first year of the child is a year of rapid growth, where the length increases about 25 Centimeters by the end of the first year, and about three times more weight at birth, and then growth in the following years less than the first year, until the child reaches adulthood, which usually extends from the age of 8-11 years in females, 10 -15 years in males, and in this age changes changes k Beer and rapid development and development; this stage is associated with the sexual development of the maturation of the genitals in both sexes, and the emergence of pubic hair and underarms, in addition to many formal changes, and the start of menstruation in girls. It is worth mentioning that the doctor usually makes sure that the child is growing naturally by monitoring the way the child is growing and compared with other children of the same age based on the growth chart, and the doctor may notice some problems in the development and growth of the child, which affect him physically and behaviorally. 


    Symptoms of growth deficiency in children

    Growth is described as delayed when a child does not develop properly and naturally for his or her age.This can be caused by a number of reasons: growth hormone imbalance, hypothyroidism and other causes listed later in this article.If the child develops a growth deficiency It has many symptoms and signs, and here are some of them: 

    A child grows faster than is supposed to age, and his weight and height do not develop normally according to standard growth charts.
    Slow development of physical skills, such as late sitting, standing, and walking.
    Delay in the acquisition of social, mental, and cognitive skills.
    Delay in the development of sexual characteristics in adolescence, such as: the appearance of facial hair for males and breasts for females.
    The appearance of the face of the child smaller than children who are in the same age.
    Delayed puberty, and it is possible not to reach puberty.
    An increase in fat, especially around the face and stomach.
    Slow tooth growth and hair growth


    Causes of underdevelopment in children

    There are several causes that may lead to growth deficiency in children, and some of these reasons are listed below: 

    Constitutional Growth Delay (CGD) is a condition that affects children to develop normally, but is shorter than the normal average length of their age, due to slow bone growth. Indicate that they may catch up with the lengths of their adult peers.
    Family history of short stature: A genetic factor may sometimes play a role in stature. If parents or family members are short, this trait can be passed on to children.
    Some diseases and health problems: malnutrition, kidney disease, heart, pulmonary, digestive system.
    HGH deficiency: Human Growth Hormone (HGH) is produced in the pituitary gland.This hormone stimulates growth in children and adolescents, helps to grow muscles and bones, and plays an important role in sugar metabolism If fat levels fall below normal, the child's growth will be affected and he will not be able to grow at a healthy and normal rate. 
    Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism The inability of the thyroid gland to produce enough thyroid hormone, which is responsible for triggering the body's metabolism, can cause a child to experience delays and developmental deficits. 


    Diagnosis of underdevelopment in children

    Parents may notice a problem with their child's developmental development and delay in their age, or the physician who has been treated for periodic reviews may discover a problem that requires testing and diagnosis. For various medical examinations that may help to arrive at an appropriate diagnosis. Here are some of the diagnostic methods used in cases of underdevelopment in children: 

    Physical examination: This examination looks for abnormal growth patterns, any abnormal indication of the general appearance of the child; for example, the shape of the head or eye abnormal, in addition to other tests such as: examination of the reaction of the child to determine whether he has a certain neurological problem.
    Monitoring the development of the child: The development of the child is monitored and several blood tests are carried out over several months; to detect the defect associated with lack of growth whether it is hormonal or chromosomal, or other disorders associated with developmental failure.
    X-ray of bones: X-ray images are used to determine the maturity and age of bones, and the possibility of their development.
    Tests for the functions of the pituitary gland: The pituitary gland produces growth hormone, which leads to imbalance in the lack of growth.


    Tips to promote child growth
    In fact, it is usually advised to follow some methods and procedures that can help the child to grow and develop normally, and reduce the exposure to problems with growth as much as possible, including: 
    Rest and sleep long enough: Sleep supports the child and helps the body grow healthy and natural, and most children need about 10-12 hours of sleep per night.
    Good nutrition: A diet for children should contain the nutrients, vitamins and essential minerals their bodies need to ensure their normal development.
    Regular exercise of sport: The years are counted
    BEBO
    writer and blogger, founder of Trendpe .

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