Kawasaki disease





Kawasaki disease
Kawasaki disease or KD is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular disease in children, with Kawasaki disease causing inflammation of the arteries, veins, and capillaries in the body,and affects the lymph nodes, skin and membranes. The mucosa inside the mouth, nose, and throat, so Kawasaki disease can be called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome syndrome, according to kawasaki disease, it has been found that approximately 4,200 children develop the disease in The United States annually, and it is worth noting that Kawasaki disease often affects children at an early age, and is more common among male children than females, especially Asian children, who are of Pacific island origin, although it may also affect Children and adolescents of different races and origins. 

Diagnosis of Kawasaki disease
The diagnosis of Kawasaki disease depends heavily on the exclusion of diseases that cause symptoms similar to those of the disease, such as scarlet fever, rheumatoid arthritis, Stevens Johnson syndrome, which affects the body's mucous membranes, or Toxic shock syndrome, measles, blue fever, and other diseases, the doctor performs several tests to help with the diagnosis, including:

Physical examination: The doctor will initially perform a physical examination, and record the signs and symptoms that appear in the patient.
Urine test: This test is performed to rule out another disease.
Blood test: Kawasaki's disease can be diagnosed through a high number of white blood cells, anemia and inflammation indicate Kawasaki's disease. Sodium ( B-type natriuretic peptide), which is excreted if the heart is under stress and stress, which helps to diagnose Kawasaki disease, in addition to the importance of this test to rule out other diseases.
Electrocardiography: This test is used to check your baby's heartbeat, as Kawasaki's disease can cause a heart rhythm disorder.
Echocardiogram: This examination can confirm the efficiency and safety of the heart and help detect disorders of the coronary arteries.

Symptoms of Kawasaki disease
Symptoms of Kawasaki disease often begin to appear in the child in late winter, and in the spring, when Kawasaki disease occurs in stages accompanied by some symptoms, as follows: 

Symptoms of the initial stages: Symptoms of the disease last in the initial stages for at least two weeks, including:
Suffering from fever, which lasts for five days or more.
The appearance of rashes in the trunk area and groin of the body.
Red eyes.
Redlips and swelling.
Red tongue, which appears dotted with red dots, is called strawberry tongue.
Bulging lymph nodes.
Bulging hands and feet.
Redness of the soles of the hands and feet.
You have some problems. 

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