Cholera





Cholera
Cholera is an infectious epidemic disease associated with the loss of large amounts of body fluids, so the mortality rates of this infection are high if not treated, especially when children and infants are infected, and people with weakened immunity, although Cholera is estimated to affect about 3-5 million people each year, causing more than 100,000 deaths worldwide, and cholera was common in the United States in 1800, but now it is. A rare disease, due to the remarkable development of living conditions and health systems, the cause of cholera is caused by the infection of the cholera bacteria, which was discovered by the German scientist. Robert Koch in 1883, where these bacteria live in shallow and salty water environments on microcrusties, and can exist in the form of colonies covering the surfaces of plants, rocks, and water. 

Complications of cholera
In severe cases of cholera, large amounts of fluid and electrolytes can cause death within two to three hours of onset of symptoms, while in less severe cases, the patient may die hours later, or days after the onset of symptoms. Dehydration, trauma if not treated, and other complications that may occur as a result of cholera can be mentioned:

Hypokalemia: Hypokalemia: Hypokalemia occurs in the case of cholera as a result of the loss of large amounts of blood with stools, and may affect the development of nerve and heart function, and can threaten the life of the injured.
Hypoglycemia: Children are the most likely to develop hypoglycemia as a result of low eating, and low blood sugar can be associated with loss of consciousness, seizures, or even death.
Kidney failure: a problem that can threaten the life of an injured person, as the kidney loses its ability to get rid of some electrolyte, body waste, and excess fluids.

Symptoms of cholera
Cholera patients develop a range of different symptoms, such as:

The presence of a bad smell of stool.
Suffering from dry mucous membranes in the body, where the patient suffers from dry mouth.
Suffering from muscle spasms.
Feeling tired and abnormally sleepy.
Thirsty.
Rapid heartbeat.
Low blood pressure.
Suffering from vomiting.
The skin was lost to its flexibility.
Severe watery diarrhea, which often contains white-colored pieces about the size of rice grains, are mucus, and some cells of the lining layer of the digestive tract.

In severe cases, there are many other symptoms that may appear in the patient, some of which can be mentioned as follows:

Fever.
Feeling the pain of the right.
Lack or absence of urinary product.
Suffering from abdominal pain.
Seizures.
Dehydration.
The weight of the body goes down.

Cholera risk factors
There are a range of factors that can increase the risk 

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